Mandalay City: Outsourcing Waste Collection Services

Waste collection in Mandalay City needs an upgrade. Photo credit: ADB.
Waste collection in Mandalay City needs an upgrade. Photo credit: ADB.

Myanmar’s second largest city tackles the challenges of improving and privatizing waste management.


The Mandalay City Development Committee collects the waste generated by the six townships in Myanmar’s second largest city, Mandalay. Collection is notionally door-to-door, but large areas are serviced through community bins and informal dumping areas. In addition, the landfill site is in urgent need of changes to avoid generating landfill leachate.

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) provided technical assistance on mainstreaming solid waste management to Mandalay and four other cities in Asia. Key assistance was a review and upgrade of municipal 10-year plans for solid waste management plus one tailored project per city. Issues covered were waste avoidance, minimization, and recycling; waste haulage and disposal; and information, education and communication campaigns.

In Mandalay, after consulting stakeholders, the project team and the city government developed and agreed on an enhanced 10-year integrated solid waste management plan. Due to strong interest from city, the project team conducted a pre-feasibility study on privatizing waste collection in one town, Chan Aye Thar Zan.

Project information

Project snapshot

  • April 2015: Project start
  • March 2017: Project end
  • US$ 1.4 million: Total cost of technical assistance over 2 years

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Meet the experts

  • Lyndsay Chapple
    Environmental engineering consultant

    Lyndsay Chapple has worked in solid waste management for more than 3 decades. His expertise covers all aspects of solid waste management, ranging from environmental assessments to detailed design of facilities. His passion is developing site-specific solutions that are pragmatic and sustainable.

    Follow Lyndsay Chapple on

  • Andrew McIntyre
    Senior Urban Development Specialist, Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department, Asian Development Bank

    Andrew McIntyre leads ADB’s Future Cities Program, operationalizing a One ADB approach to better engage with Asian cities over  the long term, by facilitating cross-sectoral knowledge and financing partners, broadening project pipelines and ensuring integrated results. Andrew's career spans 32 years, 60 projects and in 35 ADB developing member countries.

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   Myanmar, Environment, Health, Urban development
   Last updated: March 2017



The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its management, its Board of Directors, or its members.

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Mann Htun's picture
Very useful site
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