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Senior Economist, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Ina Porras has 22 years of experience working in environment economics in developing countries. Her current focus is on natural capital and ecosystem services (valuation, accounting, and impacts on policy processes), environmental fiscal reform, and upscaling conditional incentives for poverty alleviation and improved ecosystems (payments for ecosystem services). She is also a guest lecturer on economic valuation methods at the University of Edinburgh, and sits in the Board of Trustees of Plan Vivo Foundation as its Chair. She also previously held research roles at the University of Massachusetts in the USA, and the Tropical Science Center in Costa Rica.
The People’s Republic of China’s efforts to integrate natural capital accounting into its national policy development process may encourage mainstreaming of the practice in other parts of the world.
Combining market-based instruments, such as payments for ecosystem services and conditional social transfers, alleviate poverty while conserving ecosystems.