Irrigation Innovation in Tajikistan

Tajikistan is changing the way it uses water to improve food security and increase farm production.
Tajikistan is changing the way it uses water to improve food security and increase farm production.

Tajikistan combined irrigation system repairs with agriculture policy reforms to increase food security and farm productivity.


Poor irrigation infrastructure has kept Tajikistan's farm productivity low, contributing to rural poverty in a country heavily dependent on agriculture. Agriculture employs 67% of Tajikistan's people and contributes 20% to gross domestic product.

Along with poor rural-urban connectivity and limited community resilience to climate-induced shocks, poor irrigation has also made the central Asian country vulnerable to food insecurity.

To improve agricultural productivity and food security, Tajikistan needed to put in place structural reforms to increase incentives for farmers and to invest in rural infrastructure that had been destroyed by years of neglect and the five-year civil war that ended in 1997.

Project information

Project snapshot

  • December 2004: Approval
  • August 2011: Closing
  • US$ 28.67 million: Project Cost
  • US$ 23.24 million (SDR 15,146,000): ADB Loan

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Meet the expert

  • Akmal Siddiq    
    Director, Environment, Natural Resources and Agriculture Division, Central and West Asia Department, Asian Development Bank

    Prior to joining ADB in 1998, Akmal Siddiq worked for a United States Agency for International Development-funded project, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, and consulted for the World Bank. He is a natural resource economist with extensive experience in sustainable development. He received his master's and doctoral degrees from the University of Arizona and University of Illinois.

   Tajikistan, Agriculture and natural resources, Water
   Last updated: December 2016



The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its management, its Board of Directors, or its members.

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