Improving Post-Primary Education Outcomes in Myanmar

Weak learning pathways in Myanmar’s education system impede student progress. Photo credit: Eric Sales/ADB.
Weak learning pathways in Myanmar’s education system impede student progress. Photo credit: Eric Sales/ADB.

Secondary education poses a critical "choke point" in Myanmar's education system and requires reforms of curriculum, teaching, and student assessment.


Problems with post-primary education pose an increasingly binding constraint to the flow of skills into society and the economy. In particular, secondary education is marked by high rates of student dropout and failure to graduate, leaving the majority of youth without access to most forms of technical and vocational education training (TVET) or higher education.

This study analyzes the issues affecting enrollment levels, grade progression, and exit from education, and provides insights into the links between education quality, management, and attainment.

Analysis in the report principally draws on data from three sources: the Education Management Information System of Myanmar’s Ministry of Education; the Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey; and an ADB-funded survey of nearly 800 post-primary and secondary schools of different types in selected townships spanning all states and regions.

Continue reading

Meet the expert

  • Chris Spohr    
    Principal Social Sector Specialist, Myanmar Resident Mission, Asian Development Bank

    Chris Spohr joined ADB in July 2000 after completing his PhD in development economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In addition to serving as social sector focal point in ADB's resident missions in Myanmar, Spohr's principal country focus has included the People's Republic of China, Lao PDR, Mongolia, the Philippines, Uzbekistan, and Viet Nam. His role spans project-related and analytical work on education, social protection, health, nutrition, HIV/AIDs, poverty, gender, civil society, and ICT.

   Myanmar, Education
   Last updated: November 2016



The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its management, its Board of Directors, or its members.

Was this article useful?


Log in or register to post comments.