Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit: Asia's First Gold BRT System

Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit, Asia's first gold-standard BRT, moves nearly 30,000 people per hour in each direction, surpassing most metro systems in the world.


The Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), which opened in 2010, is breaking passenger records and revolutionizing perceptions of BRT in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Asia. Designed to meet the high-volume transport needs of a fast-growing city, the system averages 850,000 passengers daily and manages a peak capacity of 28,000 commuters per hour per direction as of 2013, which is higher than most metro lines in the world. The BRT is integrated with other modes of transport in the city and the first in the world to directly connect to a metro system.

This case study outlines the key elements that make the Guangzhou BRT the gold standard in BRT systems in Asia.

Project snapshot

  • 2005: Conceptual design
  • December 2008: Constructed
  • February 2010: Start of operations
  • CNY30 million ($4.4 million by 2010): Infrastructure cost per km
  • Financing
    • Government of the People's Republic of China
  • Planning and design
  • Executing agency
    • Guangzhou city government
  • Operating agency
    • GZ BRT Management Company and seven private bus companies

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   People's Republic of China, Transport
   Last updated: May 2016



The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its management, its Board of Directors, or its members.

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