CASE STUDY

Community Participation Key to Water Supply Success in Nepal

When the ADB was putting together a community-based project to improve Nepal’s water supply, 30% of Nepal’s population of 23.2 million had no access to basic water and sanitation services despite the country accounting for over 2% of the world's water resources. Photo credit: ADB.
When the ADB was putting together a community-based project to improve Nepal’s water supply, 30% of Nepal’s population of 23.2 million had no access to basic water and sanitation services despite the country accounting for over 2% of the world's water resources. Photo credit: ADB.

Community involvement in planning, operation, and maintenance has been key to the successful provision of water and sanitation services for more than 700,000 people living in remote and poor regions in Nepal.

Overview

Nepal faces significant barriers to providing adequate water supplies and sanitation to all its citizens, particularly those in remote rural areas.

In 2003, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $24 million equivalent loan for the Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project, which targeted the provision of services in areas with the most acute needs.

The project area covered 19 underdeveloped hill and mountain districts and 2 Terai districts. It financed the setup of piped water supply systems, involving deep tube wells and overhead tanks and also financed the construction of latrines in homes and schools, giving extremely poor households partial subsidies.

The project adopted a strong community-based approach, in order to ensure services were provided to previously underserved communities and families,

Its design and implementation provide lessons for other water and sanitation projects involving poor communities and ethnic minorities as the main beneficiaries.


Project information


Project snapshot

  • September 2003: Approval
  • April 2011: Closing
  • US $36.9 million: Project cost
  • US$ 24 million: ADB loan
  • Executing agency
    • Ministry of Physical Planning and Works
    • Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
    • Department of Water Supply and Sewerage
  • Financing
    • Asian Development Bank: Through Asian Development Fund

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Meet the expert

  • Laxmi Sharma    
    Senior Project Officer (Infrastructure), Nepal Resident Mission, SARD, ADB

    Ms. Sharma leads ADB’s urban and water supply sector portfolio in Nepal and is responsible for several urban infrastructure projects, including the Melamchi Water Supply Project. She has worked at ADB’s Nepal Resident Mission for the last 15 years.

   Nepal, Water
   Last updated: November 2016

 




Disclaimer

The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its management, its Board of Directors, or its members.




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